LSAT Logical Reasoning: Most Strongly Supported Questions
A “most strongly supported” question is one that asks you to identify a statement that is strongly supported by a set of facts. (These questions are also called “most supported questions” and “inference questions.”) The question stem for a most strongly supported question might read:
- Which of the following is most strongly supported by the statements above?
- The information above strongly supports which of the following?
- The statements above most strongly provide support for which of the following?
We solve these questions by following two steps:
- Examine the fact pattern or argument
- Choose the answer that is most strongly supported by the fact pattern or argument.
Let’s take a look at each step.
Examine the Fact Pattern or Argument
These fact patterns can sometimes be difficult to pay attention to, but a good understanding of the content in the stimulus is important. The solution here is to mentally paraphrase the material. Put it in your own words as you read. This will not only force you to pay attention; it will increase your ability to retain the information as well.
Choose the Answer
The correct answer will be supported by the fact pattern. Usually, you will need to combine information from multiple statements to see the support for the correct answer. Eliminate answer choices that make claims outside the scope of the fact pattern.
A good strategy here is to give priority to answer choices that are easier to support. Often these answer will feel like a lawyer wrote them. For example, consider the following two statements:
- The sky is always blue.
- The sky is at least somewhat blue sometimes.
Notice how much easier it is to support statement 2. If you go outside and see a blue sky, you’ve just proven statement B to be true. However, you could still doubt statement 1 (what if the sky is only blue temporarily?) . Because the second statement is easier to support than the first, it should be considered first as a potential answer.